What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
The latest findings indicate that 1 in 68 children have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is a lifelong neurologically based disability involving impairments in:
- Social functioning
- Repetitive interests and behaviors.
It is a spectrum in that some individuals are more affected and some individuals are less affected; however, all individuals demonstrate the three main impairments. The core feature of ASD is a difference in social reciprocity.
The terms Aspergers and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) are no longer used for this population because when first diagnosed, one cannot predict whether the child will be low or high functioning based on initial behaviors as a child.
Teachers must emphasize evidence-based practices when working with students and parents. Evidence-based practices are techniques that have been tested and proven to help a wide range of individuals within the ASD population.
- Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children
- Laura Dewey, PhD, Clinical Psychologist
- Delaware Autism Program
- Autism Delaware